The Donbas was the second territorial conflict – following the annexation of Crimea – to affect Ukraine after the downfall of President Viktor Yanukovych on 21 February 2014 in the course of the Euromaidan. The War in Donbas escalated into an armed conflict in the Donbas region of Ukraine.
From the beginning of March protests by Russian-backed anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, commonly collectively called the "Donbas". These were part of a wider group of concurrent pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine and, escalated into an armed conflict between the separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR respectively), and the Ukrainian government In the Donetsk People's Republic, from May 2014 until a change of the top leadership in August 2014.
According to the Ukrainian government, at the height of the conflict in mid-2014, Russian paramilitaries were reported to make up between 15% to 80% of the combatants.”
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